FIDA follows a participatory approach to development based on the concept of social mobilization. This process consists of organizing communities into grass root institutions that gradually evolve into larger institutions at the village and Union Council level.
Through social mobilization, households are organized into settlement or mohallah level “Community Organizations (COs)”. FIDA builds the capacity of these COs to enable them to become self-sustaining and self-governing grassroots level institutions that are able to mobilize their internal and external resources to participate in the implementation and monitoring of development initiatives in their area. Social mobilization and its consequent processes enable communities to realize their inherent potential, create social awareness and avail capacity building opportunities that allow them to become self reliant in the future.
Community mobilization is the foundation for all of FIDA’s development initiatives. Interventions are designed on the basis of need arisen through the Community Organizations. COs take part in implementation, supervision and quality assurance through cost contribution, managing and supervising the physical construction or delivery of schemes and above all they are the major stakeholder in social collateral between FIDA and beneficiaries for transparency and sustainability of the interventions. Once the COs are equipped with requisite knowledge and skill, they are entrusted with the nomination of beneficiaries, in accordance with FIDA’s pre-designed selection criteria.
Community Physical Infrastructure
As a member of the Rural Support Programmes Network (RSPN), FIDA follows the RSPN’s three tier social mobilization model.
In this model, Community Organizations are the first tier of social mobilization, consisting of 15-20 households.
COs eventually evolve into Village Organizations having more visibility, voice and access. VOs consist of representatives from each CO in the village.
The third tier represents VO’s from the entire Union Council to form a Local Support Organization (LSO), an institution capable of mobilizing and implementing larger projects and create productive linkages between the public and private service delivery organizations.
By the end of 2013, FIDA had formed and fostered 351 community organizations and 20 Village Organizations (VOs) in 23 Union Councils of D.I. Khan, Tank, Frontier Region Tank and South Waziristan Agency of Southern KPK. Currently the greatest challenge for FIDA is mainstreaming gender in culturally sensitive areas that have tribal roots and are resistant to social change. A deteriorating law and order situation has made communities suspicious about non-government organizations and development work.
Over time, FIDA has been able to win the confidence of the communities and has formed over 54 women and mixed Community Organizations in D.I. Khan and Tank and is taking a more concentrated approach towards inclusion of women in community organizations.
A society built around good governance and democratic ideals, supported by a sound economy and a sustainable use of resources.
To mobilize and build the capacity of existing political and social structures and to act as a link between civil society and marginalized communities, thereby empowering all stakeholders to achieve their identified development goals in a sustainable and replicable manner.